a Bit na Ta: The Source Of The Sea


The a Bit na Ta project within ‘No.1 Neighbour: Art in Papua New Guinea 1966–2016’ is about a ples (place) — Blanche Bay in East New Britain — as experienced by its local people, the Tolai, between 1875 and 1975.

As the full moon slowly rises over the shimmering waters of Blanche Bay, fishermen launch their canoes towards the fishing holes that their ancestors have fished for centuries. Prayers and songs to the Kaia, promise of a bountiful catch. a Bit na Ta is the source of the sea. Life begins here.1

Commissioned specially for the exhibition and led by celebrated Australian musician, composer and music producer David Bridie, a Bit na Ta brings together Tolai historians, artists, musicians and community members to share their perspectives on the events that shaped this century in and around Blanche Bay. At times, this history intersects with major world events, including two devastating World Wars; it illuminates processes of colonisation and political self-determination; and it has recorded cataclysmic volcanic eruptions. Visitors to the installation certainly won’t find a dry, plotted timeline.

Allan Tobing, Gilnata Stringband, Mioko Island, Duke of York Islands, May 2016 / Image courtesy: David Bridie
Gilnata Stringband, Mioko Island, Duke of York Islands, May 2016 / Image courtesy: David Bridie
David Bridie, George Telek and Gideon Kakabin, Rabaul, PNG, May 2016 / Image courtesy: David Bridie
Musician performing Minamai, Mioko Island, Duke of York Islands, May 2016 / Image courtesy: David Bridie

History can be recorded and shared in many ways. Personal histories are held and triggered by the smell or texture of a cloth, the play of light over a surface. Stories are told and passed on from generation to generation. Objects are exchanged and valued, carrying with them the memory of events, people and place. For the Tolai, life and culture are imbued with sound and music. As project leader David Bridie observes in an interview for the ‘No.1 Neighbour’ exhibition publication:

Music is everywhere; men sing on the road side, women sing working their gardens, kids sing on the beach, teenagers are glued to their phones hearing their favourite PNG artists, PMVS blare out distorted local songs… music underpins ceremony… every village has a string band… birds, frog and insect sounds are symphonic at night…2

a Bit na Ta draws on the importance of music and song for the Tolai. Visitors to the installation will be immersed in a 30-minute sequence of songs and atmospheric sounds accompanied by five video projections. The centrepiece of the installation is the recording of a suite of new songs composed for the project by George Telek, arguably Papua New Guinea’s most famous practitioner.

The haunting beauty of Telek’s voice, among characteristically Tolai three-part harmonies, captures the emotive power of key events in Tolai history. Together with Telek, there is a group of new songs by the Moab, Gilnata and Amidel stringbands. The Matupit choir and a group of older Tolai men and women also sing a range of customary songs that fully situate the project and history within a Tolai cultural sphere.

Across much of Oceania, music is not separated from life or other art forms. For a Bit na Ta, Melbourne-based artist Lisa Hilli and filmmaker Garett Low have collaborated with the project team to extend a rich aural experience into the visual and sensual realms. However, the bedrock of the project is the extensive cultural and historical knowledge held by Tolai historian Gideon Kakabin. It is Gideon’s understanding of the intersection of history with Tolai life and experience that has shaped much of the content of a Bit na Ta.

Within the broader ‘No.1 Neighbour’ exhibition, a Bit na Ta provides important insights into a period of history of Papua New Guinea in which Australia and Australians were heavily involved, for better and — as we will discover — for worse. It also celebrates the ongoing commitment that an individual Australian has made to developing and supporting creative conversations in this young nation. First travelling to Rabaul as part of the celebrated band Not Drowning Waving in 1986, David Bridie has since maintained a close relationship with Telek and his Tolai friends and family as well as championing the extraordinary music of the country through the Wantok Musik Foundation. a Bit na Ta emerges from and is imbued with Bridie’s genuine and deeply felt respect for the Tolai people, and theirs for him. As such, the project is one of the centrepieces of the exhibition.

1  Gideon Kakabin, ‘a Bit na Ta’, in No.1 Neighbour: Art in Papua New Guinea 1966–2016 [exhibition catalogue], Queensland Art Gallery | Gallery of Modern Art, October 2016, p.60.
2  David Bridie, interviewed by Ruth McDougall in No.1 Neighbour, p.58.

This is an extract from the Gallery’s Artlines magazine available from the Gallery Store. Keep up to date with the Gallery’s seasonal publication delivered each quarter to QAGOMA Members.

Installation view of a Bit na Ta in ‘No.1 Neighbour: Art in Papua New Guinea 1966–2016’
Installation view of a Bit na Ta in ‘No.1 Neighbour: Art in Papua New Guinea 1966–2016’
Installation view of a Bit na Ta in ‘No.1 Neighbour: Art in Papua New Guinea 1966–2016’

Music is also essential to Tolai life and ceremony and the a Bit na Ta story is presented via new recordings of singsing tumbuna (ceremonial song), string band, lotu choir style and contemporary soundscapes supported with archival film and new footage of the landscape and ceremony. a Bit na Ta builds upon a 30-year collaboration between celebrated Tolai musician George Telek and Australian musician, composer and producer David Bridie who have drawn on their Tolai wantok (family) and friends including historian and artist Gideon Kakabin to tell the a Bit na Ta story. In Kakabin’s words:

A Bit na Ta. The source of the sea. Life begins here.

A tinata
Marmari aria bit na ta
I valu e
Ra oaga na pipi
The words
come from inside the sea
he paddles
his canoe, a boat of lightening

a Bit Na Ta is supported by the Australian Government through the Australian Cultural Diplomacy Grants Program of the Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade.

The exhibition continues until 29 January 2017.

BLOG-Bit na Ta CD


Bit na Ta available from the QAGOMA Store and online



BLOG-No 1 Neighbour book for blog


Our richly illustrated hardcover publication accompanies the exhibition, with contributions from Ruth McDougall, Tolai artist and historian Gideon Kakabin, Manus Island musician John Faunt, and commentators Kiri Chan and Ruth Choulai, as well as numerous artist interviews.