Inventive colour: The art of Grace Cossington Smith


Grace Cossington Smith (1892–1984) was one of the most inventive colour painters to emerge from Australia’s first wave of modernism in the early decades of the twentieth century.

Unknown / Grace Cossington Smith, c.1930–40 / 8522207 / Collection: Australian War Memorial, Canberra
Grace Cossington Smith, Australia 1892-1984 / Interior in Florence 1949 / Oil on board / 35 x 25.2cm (sight) / Gift in memory of Richard Harnett Cambridge and Merle Cambridge through the Queensland Art Gallery Foundation 2010 / Collection: Queensland Art Gallery | Gallery of Modern Art / © Estate of Grace Cossington Smith

After growing up in Sydney’s northern suburbs, in 1914 Cossington Smith moved with her family to the Turramurra residence that would become her lifelong home and the centre of her creative production. She had already begun studying with the painter Antonio Dattilo-Rubbo, whose central Sydney studio became the site of much artistic experimentation during the interwar period. Though she travelled in Europe from 1912 to 1914, Cossington Smith claimed to have learnt the methods of Van Gogh, Cézanne, Gauguin and Seurat under Dattilo-Rubbo rather than overseas.

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Grace Cossington Smith, Australia 1892-1984 / The bridge in building 1929 / Oil on pulpboard / Gift of Ellen Waugh 2005 / Collection: National Gallery of Australia / © Estate of Grace Cossington Smith

Cossington Smith left Dattilo-Rubbo’s studio in 1926, after which Sydney’s light-filled harbour and the leafy terrains around Turramurra formed the main subjects of her art. Around this time the book The New Science of Colour (1915) by the American writer Beatrice Irwin fuelled Cossington Smith’s interest in colour as a force capable of invoking the energetic undercurrents of her subjects. This is exemplified by her paintings of the construction of Sydney Harbour Bridge in the late 1920s, which form some of the most compelling examples of early Australian modernism.

Grace Cossington Smith, Australia 1892-1984 / Foxgloves growing 1929 /Oil on pulpboard / Private Collection / © Estate of Grace Cossington Smith / Photo: AGNSW/Jenni Carter
Grace Cossington Smith, Australia 1892-1984 / The window 1956 / Oil on hardboard / Gift of Graham and Judy Martin 2014, assisted by the Australian Masterpiece Fund / Collection: Art Gallery of New South Wales / © Estate of Grace Cossington Smith / Photo: AGNSW/Christopher Snee

While Cossington Smith worked in relative seclusion from her upper–North Shore home during the following decades, she was a regular contributor to group and solo exhibitions in Sydney. In the 1940s her work shifted in palette and tone to reflect the sombre hues and loose forms of Australia’s native bush. She embarked on her last series of paintings in the 1950s, based on the rooms and spaces around her home. These interiors typify her desire to express ‘colour vibrant with light’.

As a result of her solitude and self-effacing manner, Cossington Smith’s work was not widely known until late in her career. She died aged 92 in 1984.

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Feature image detail: Grace Cossington Smith The window 1956

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