Installing Aisha Khalid’s steel and gold-plated pin tapestry


Pakistani artist Aisha Khalid’s site-specific triptych Water has never feared the fire is a set of hanging textiles embedded with millions of long, steel and gold-plated pins commissioned for ‘The 9th Asia Pacific Triennial of Contemporary Art’ (APT9). This remarkable sculptural textile presented unique unpacking and documenting challenges upon its arrival at the Gallery. Emily Gray takes us behind-the-scenes as the Gallery prepared the delicate but prickly work for display.

Aisha Khalid ‘Water has never feared the fire’ 2018

Aisha Khalid, Pakistan b.1972 / Water has never feared the fire 2018 installed at APT9, GOMA 2018 / Fabric, gold-plated and steel pins / Triptych: 492.75 x 167.65cm; 492.75 x 83.8cm; 492.75 x 83.8cm / Commissioned for APT9 / The Kenneth and Yasuko Myer Collection of Contemporary Asian Art. Purchased 2018 with funds from The Myer Foundation through the Queensland Art Gallery | Gallery of Modern Art Foundation to commemorate the 25th anniversary of The Kenneth and Yasuko Myer Collection of Contemporary Asian Art / Collection: Queensland Art Gallery | Gallery of Modern Art / © Aisha Khalid / Photograph: Natasha Harth © QAGOMA

Watch | The inspiration for Aisha Khalid’s tapestry

Installing Aisha Khalid’s sculptural tapestry

Khalid creates large-scale textile works from fabric and pins, often taking her inspiration from the colours and geometric patterns of Persian visual culture. Her works incorporate a number of traditional elements, referencing miniature painting and designs from Charbagh gardens, a quadrilateral garden layout based on the ‘four gardens of paradise’ mentioned in the Qur’an. Khalid adds a three-dimensional, sculptural aspect to her works by using sharp pins to pierce through several layers of cloth, leaving the sharp ends exposed. This technique  presented unique challenges for staff in unpacking, moving and storing the textiles without displacing any of the pins.

Water has never feared the fire was freighted from Lahore, Pakistan in three timber crates. The artist devised a way of packing the textile panels so that they were literally suspended in their crates during transit. Each panel had lengths of cotton fabric machine-sewn to the long edges of the work, together with horizontal metal poles that had been screwed into the sides of the crates to provide additional support and separation between the two layers of fabric and pins. The cotton strips were anchored with string to metal eyelets at multiple points along the inside of the crates.

QAGOMA Registration, Conservation and Workshop staff unpack Aisha Khalid’s textile work, July 2018 / Photographs: Chloë Callistemon © QAGOMA

Together, the tapestry’s three panels comprise roughly three million steel and gold-plated steel pins pushed through a strong synthetic velvet and cotton substrate. Since the surface of the artwork was quite vulnerable, unpacking and moving the tapestries required careful planning. The panels are also very heavy: the central panel is the largest (485 x 120cm) and weighs almost 100 kilograms, while the left and right panels (485 x 60cm) are approximately 40 kilograms each. We decided to unpack one of the smaller textiles first — this had pins pushed through in only one direction, which meant that the artwork could be laid out on tables if handling became problematic.

Workshop staff constructed a hanging bracket fixed to a wall in Conservation. While art handlers supported and lifted the artwork, two staff systematically cut the strings anchoring it in its crate. While maintaining tension to the textile, we slowly raised the artwork from a horizontal to a vertical position, leaving the lower section (in fact, the top of the artwork) lying in the crate. Our sculpture conservator was then able to unpick the cotton strips on either side of the panel and remove particulate matter — some polystyrene packing material and small wood splinters — from among the pins, a soft paintbrush was used to remove the debris, grabbing the unwanted particulate without disturbing the pins.

In the meantime, a frame was constructed suitable for storing the textile and moving the work into the exhibition space. The final design solution was a large timber-framed vertical rack on wheels; the textile is wrapped around the fabric-covered rolls at the top and bottom. Positioning the two double-sided pinned textiles on their timber frames required thoughtful planning to ensure that none of the pins were crushed.

A frame was construced suitable for storing the textile and moving Water has never feared the fire 2018 / Photographs: C Callistemon © QAGOMA

A team of six people was involved in raising the artwork into position using a chain and pulley system and a mount secured to the gallery ceiling. Finally, the bottom edge of the work was carefully fed under the lower roll of the storage system. While the artwork is on display in ‘The 9th Asia Pacific Triennial of Contemporary Art‘ (APT9) Registration staff will agree on a long-term storage solution with Workshop and Conservation staff to ensure that the finished product is space-efficient and suitably fitted out — essentially three crates will be constructed for this light-sensitive and difficult-to-clean artwork.

Emily Gray is Assistant Registrar, Collection Storage (GOMA), QAGOMA

Reverse of left panel Water has never feared the fire 2018
Front of left panel Water has never feared the fire 2018

The 9th Asia Pacific Triennial of Contemporary Art (APT9) / Queensland Art Gallery | Gallery of Modern Art (QAGOMA) Brisbane Australia / 24 Nov 2018 – 28 Apr 2019



  1. A most interesting installation. Enjoyed the huge range of art on display and the intersting behind the scenes in this production.