Vale: Charles Blackman


The recent passing of Charles Blackman at 90 (1928 – 20 August 2018) allows us to reflect on what a significant figure in Australian art he was and what a long, prolific and distinguished career he had. Born in Sydney in 1928, Blackman left school before the age of fourteen, and worked at the Sydney ‘Sun’ (1942-47) in the compository, process engraving and art departments. In early 1948 Blackman hitchhiked to Brisbane where he met his wife-to-be Barbara Patterson. In 1950 Blackman and Barbara took up residence in Melbourne where they married in 1952, and at this time also began travelling to Queensland for the winter, the first of many annual visits.

Charles Blackman 1968

Mark Strizic / Charles Blackman, 1968 (from ‘Involvement’ and ‘Portrait’ series) 1968 / Gelatin silver photograph on paper / Gift of William Donald Bowness through the Queensland Art Gallery Foundation 2008. Donated through the Australian Government’s Cultural Gifts Program / Collection: Queensland Art Gallery | Gallery of Modern Art / © Mark Strizic

This was a period of intense personal discovery essential to the launch of his painting career. He found love and artistic expression, developing a visual language that seemed to emanate from his psyche to describe his inner world. Perhaps his best-known work from this period is his paintings inspired by Lewis Carroll’s Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland, splendidly represented in the Gallery’s Collection by The blue Alice 1956-57. Barbara came to stand for Alice herself. Her struggle with her progressive blindness parallels Alice’s efforts to conquer the mysterious circumstances in which she found herself. Queensland poet and friend, Judith Wright later articulated how central Barbara – and Alice – was to Blackman’s success:

. . . she is Alice; he painted her in this role ten years ago. She is lucky to be known so well by a great painter; but he is lucky, too, to have found her waiting for him at all the important crossroads in his own world, and to have recognised her for the touchstone that she is.

Charles Blackman ‘The Blue Alice’ 1956-57

Charles Blackman, Australia 1928-2018 / The Blue Alice 1956-57 / Tempera, oil and household enamel on composition board / 122 x 122cm / Purchased 2000. The Queensland Government’s special Centenary Fund / Collection: Queensland Art Gallery / © Charles Raymond Blackman 1956-57. Licensed by Copyright Agency, 2018

Blackman was awarded the Helena Rubenstein Travelling Scholarship in 1960 and in February the next year the family sailed to London. Blackman exhibited his work to wide critical acclaim, before returning to Queensland in 1966, and shortly moved to Sydney. In 1977 he was awarded the OBE and the Queen’s Silver Jubilee Medal. Through his second wife Genevieve de Couvreur’s love of contemporary dance, Alice provided new inspiration for Blackman when he was living in Buderim in the 1980s, with set designs created for the Alice in Wonderland ballet, performed in Perth in 1984. Blackman was instrumental in setting up the Moët & Chandon Australian Art Fellowship in 1987 and during the late eighties and early nineties he continued to work, though his health began to slowly deteriorate.

‘The Blue Alice’ on display in 1966

Charles Blackman’s The Blue Alice 1956-57 on display in ‘Alice in Wonderland’ at the Johnstone Gallery, Brisbane, 4-21 September 1966 / Photograph: Arthur Davenport

Portrait of Charles Blackman 1992

Greg Weight / Portrait of Charles Blackman 1992 / Silver gelatin on fibre based paper / Collection: National Library of Australia, Canberra / Image courtesy: National Library of Australia / © Greg Weight

Charles Blackman is central to our understanding of the development of modern art in Australia. His artistic vision was nurtured by a series of relationships and profound connections to place and these inspired some of his most innovative and important works that continue to inspire us today. The Gallery’s collection of Blackman’s work includes 19 paintings, drawings and prints.

Charles Blackman c.1991

Ray Woodbury / Charles Blackman c.1991 / Collection: QAGOMA Research Library / © Ray Woodbury